The Blog

Full-stack development is currently the most desirable position in the IT sector in terms of trends, career progression, annual wage increases, and notoriety. Full-stack developers are always in demand and highly sought after both in startups and leading corporations owing to their versatility, readiness to step in and remediate zones across the technology ecosystem that goes into creating a successful product, and their involvement in pace and cost-effectiveness. 

A full-stack developer makes it all possible, from mobile-first strategy via MVP (minimum viable product) cycle, application development, and great UI/UX creation. Let’s first outline a full-stack and discuss what a full-stack developer truly does before discussing all the perks you’ll have if you become one.

Also read: 10 reasons you should enroll for an online BCA degree course.

What is Full-Stack Development?

Full-stack development involves creating both the front and back end of a website or online application. Let’s start with what “full stack” means and “what is a full-stack developer?” The front-end handles user interface issues, the back-end handles data validation, and the database serves as storage—a repository of data from the front-end to the logic layer—to make up a full stack. The term “full stack” describes a group of various software modules that comply to ensure smooth operation. 

It can include software programs, patches, coding paradigms, servers, operating systems, database mechanisms, etc. A whole stack comprises all these parts that work together to support user interaction, perform operations, and drive back-end operations. The tools, structures, and techniques used by each full-stack vary. You must learn how to use the front-end and back-end related languages, technologies, and frameworks to be able to build your application from scratch if you wish to become a full-stack developer.

Skills required to become a full-stack developer

Whether you’ve prior tech experience or are starting from scratch, you can progress from a beginner to an advanced level with a passion for learning, a well-structured program, and hands-on training. A Full-Stack Developer boasts of a broad range of abilities. The following are essential Full Stack Developer skills:


CSS refers to Cascading Style Sheets, whereas HTML is for Hypertext Markup Language. Web content is added using HTML, and a website’s look and feel are customized using CSS. A website’s visual style is determined by HTML and CSS, which plays a significant role in drawing in potential clients. Full-Stack Developers should be well-versed in these programming languages to create a dynamic, user-friendly, and intriguing front-end for apps.


In web and software development, JavaScript is among the fundamental skills required for Full-Stack Developers. It is the only programming tool that can operate natively on the server and in a browser (Node.js). Full-stack developers must thoroughly understand JavaScript’s concepts and functionalities, including React and Angular. JavaScript has a ton of helpful features like functions, prototypes, higher-order event delegations, and closures that enable you to make dynamic website pages.

Git and GitHub 

Git enables Full-Stack Developers to keep track of every minor variation made to the app codebase. All of the fundamental Git instructions and examples must be familiar to them. Full-Stack Developers can take advantage of special security, efficiency, and administration benefits by using Git, thus working more effectively and cooperatively with other developers on the same project.

Back-end languages

Although HTML and CSS, along with JavaScript, are the most important front-end languages, the back-end of an app or piece of software is equally important. Though back-end development is a very different ballgame, there are several programming languages to select from. For back-end development, a Full-Stack Developer has to know at least some of these languages:

PHP – PHP is a widely used open-source, cross-platform programming language that can operate without issues on Unix, macOS, and Windows, making it one of the most popular options for back-end development.

Python – Python is very well-liked by programmers and developers all over the world because of its English-like syntax, easy learning experience, and wide range of frameworks and libraries.

Ruby – Ruby is a powerful programming language that has a thriving developer community behind it, but it also has great dependencies and documentation, making it the best option for back-end development.

Java – A versatile programming language, Java, can be applied to the creation of desktop, mobile, and web applications. Additionally, Java offers a variety of frameworks that further streamline the back-end development procedure.

Web architecture

Full-Stack Developers must understand the finer points of web architecture. They must understand how to organize the code, categorize the files, organize the data in the database, and perform the required computational activities because their main role is to create sophisticated software programs from scratch.


Full-Stack Developers have to be experts in HTTP and REST since they are crucial to creating the full stack. The HTTP protocol is used to enable connection with clients, while REST is an interface across systems that uses the HTTP protocol to obtain data or perform varied procedures (in multiple forms) on the data. Because of this, REST serves as a mediator between the front end and the back end.

Database Management Systems

A database is required for all web applications to store the data. Database storage necessitates the expertise of a Full-Stack Developer who is well-versed in relational databases and database storage. The ability to construct, comprehend and modify database queries is a must for full-stack programmers. Things a Full Stack Developer needs to be aware of about database administration and storage are:

Relational and non-relational data characteristics.Understanding of NoSQL databases.Understanding of web storage.

Basic design skills

Given that a Full Stack Developer is involved with both the front and back end, they need to be proficient in basic design principles. Making a website look good and appealing requires an understanding of front-end design. Users are always drawn to websites with clear, user-friendly designs. Therefore, Full Stack Developers must be familiar with fundamental design concepts, such as UI & UX design, prototypes, scalability, etc.

Soft Skills 

Additionally, a full-stack developer ought to have some fundamental soft skills such as:

InnovationTactical planningAnalytical abilitiesProblem-solving skillsTime management skills 

Reasons to become a full stack developer

Full Stack Developers must acquire new technologies as technology and industries advance to keep current with the latest innovations. The following benefits of being a full-stack developer should be taken into account if you’re a recent graduate trying to launch your tech vocation or a mid-career expert seeking to transition from a non-tech field to the realm of technology:

A plethora of growth opportunities 

The preference of businesses nowadays is for multifaceted full-stack developers who have the willingness to keep learning new skills. As organizations use this broad skill set to boost the speed and efficiency of their operations, there is a ton of potential for rapid growth. Full-stack developers brag of an accelerated, diversified professional advancement across businesses, including startups and globally renowned end-to-end corporate platforms. These personnel often start as front-end or back-end programmers, rapidly progressing to higher positions as their technical prowess advances.

Top paying positions

Full-stack development is among the world’s highest-paying professions due to its influence on marketing and business. This adaptable development method enables businesses to stand out from the competition and spurs sales revenue. Although full-stack programming represents one of the most lucrative IT careers, the pay for a full-stack developer varies depending on a variety of factors, including core skills, supplementary skills (such as databases and the fundamentals of UI/UX), the location of the company, demographics, and expertise.

Accelerated product delivery

A full-stack developer’s roles include coordinating front-end and back-end operations, integrating upgrades, and satisfying customer requirements. It not only helps to reduce the reliance on other teams, which frequently causes implementation bottlenecks, but it also quickens the development process and results in cost savings. 

Enabling adaptability

The full-stack developer is responsible for managing all phases of the project, including planning, basic level development, significant front-end, and back-end inputs, and maintaining the UI/UX in response to customer reviews. They have a huge amount of accountability, reliability, and credit for efficient project execution and can contribute anywhere along the development continuum and offer a complete solution, thanks to their multifaceted talents. Their adaptability throughout the stack is valued and appreciated by tech organizations since it increases speed to market.

Creative freedom

Full-stack developers are more productive overall because they have a wide range of skills across the stack, have creative freedom, and can make wise decisions. This allows them to be independent and advance development more quickly and effectively. Both the client and server sides of the application are available for full-stack developers to work on. So, the developers have greater control over the final output and have far more creative freedom. They have an advantage over other developers since they can make decisions more quickly, thanks to their ability to view the comprehensive picture.

Topics a full-stack development aspirant should learn

Organizations looking to expand constantly need a thorough blend of professionals that are skilled in every stage of the system design. With the abundance of knowledge available, there is a clear shift in the demand for experts who can quickly adapt to changing requirements, demonstrating their mettle in the process. 

Employers anticipate that full-stack experts will possess certain important competencies. As a result, the majority of people’s “how to become a full-stack developer” checklists begin to resemble one another in a concerning manner. A competent full-stack developer never actually stops learning. However, you should begin your education by becoming proficient in the following fundamentals. 

Front-end languagesBack-end languagesDatabase managementOperating systemsSystem designVersion control systems

Various software stacks a full-stack developer must know

The efficient operation of websites and web apps depends on several factors. They notably need a server, an OS, database software, and programming language. The term “software stack” refers to this group of elements, and a full-stack developer would be wise to become proficient in using at least one of the three tools described below.

LAMP stack- The LAMP software stack is among the most well-liked and reliable stacks available. A beginner can easily study and explore it at their pace since all of the components mentioned below are free to use as well.

LinuxApache MySQL PHP

MEAN stack – Recently, there has been a surge in interest in the MEAN software stack. It greatly simplifies the creation of websites and web apps, making it the ideal JavaScript software stack. These components are used to create this stack:

MongoDBExpressAngular.jsNode. js

MERN stack – The full-stack MERN stack is the best choice for building dynamic web interfaces. These elements make up the well-known JavaScript-based stack:

MongoDB ExpressReactNode.js

Demand for full-stack developers in the US

Full-stack development is a highly sought-after career not just in India but also in the United States. Full-stack engineers are in high demand across the industry since they are a huge benefit to any firm. Their comprehensive proficiency readies them with the flexibility and agility needed to work on software solutions in both the startup and non-startup sectors. Organizations have found their command of knowledge, domain expertise, and keen technological understanding to be of great value. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, job growth for developers is expected to increase by 23% between 2021 and 2031. In the US, the average yearly earning of a full-stack developer is $1,00,059. However, the pay for a Full-Stack Web Developer varies depending on several variables, including area, skill level, and experience level. 

Helpful tips to become a full-stack developer

Full-stack development appears to have an outstanding prospect with great potential for growth and appealing compensation. A growing number of businesses are embracing technology, and even those that aren’t particularly tech-savvy still need some degree of web development. Full stack developers, therefore, have many job options now and in the future. The vision and a modest bit of effort are all that stand in the way of a brand-new job. We can’t help you with the effort aspect, but a little scrolling down will show you a full-stack developer roadmap.

Identify the skills you need to master

Every learner’s journey is slightly different depending on their prior experience and ability level. If you’re a true newbie, you’ll need specific instruction and project expertise to grow into a developer. Even working professionals need to upgrade their skills to advance their professions. The best way is to make a skill assessment. To succeed as a full stack developer, you’ll need to master the following fundamental skills:

HTMLCSSJavaScriptDOM ManipulationSQL/NoSQLJavaObject-Oriented Programming

Although a full-stack developer’s education is never truly finished, the aforementioned abilities will provide you with a strong foundation.

Learn the required programming languages

Web development is not impervious to the IT industry’s constant change. This is why a web developer’s ability to pick up new and developed programming languages is so important to their career. However, there are still a few front and back-end languages that every self-respecting full-stack developer should learn first.

Front-end programming languages – The end user’s experience is controlled by front-end development. If you want to become a full-stack developer, you must have a clear understanding of the programming languages that provide the visual parts of an app’s functionality. The main front-end languages and frameworks are expected of a full-stack developer:

HTMLCSSJavascriptReact JSJquery

Back-end programming languages – The key back-end programming frameworks and technologies must be understood to maintain the functionality of the websites. A full-stack developer must be familiar with the following back-end technologies:


Familiarize with development frameworks

Software frameworks give programmers a foundation upon which to build. There are several front-end, back-end, and mobile framework options available. Full-stack engineers are typically expected to have a working understanding of the frameworks on the list below, which are constantly developing.

DjangoAngularVue JSNode JSRuby on Rails

Take up a full-stack developer course

Are extremely organized training sessions not your thing? There is, thankfully, a huge array of instructor-guided, self-led online programs readily accessible. These courses provide far additional flexibility and a lower cost than boot camps—some are even free. You might even have access to added materials, instructor assistance, and an active student community based on the program you choose. Some even serve as a gateway to a network of motivated full-stack learners and instructor support. Having said that, time-conscious students have a far better option with separate full-stack development classes.

Build a strong portfolio

The greatest approach to learning full-stack programming is to build a portfolio. The fact that your portfolio is the first thing recruiters see of you is why it’s so important. Use your portfolio as a platform to highlight any projects you’re proud of. Describe the technology you used, your position in the initiative, and exhibit samples of your project to showcase your accomplishments. Your work as a full-stack design professional should show a keen sense of aesthetics and superior technical proficiency. Verify that you upload your code to a public repository on the GitHub code versioning platform. Also, don’t be reluctant to add ongoing development initiatives. 

Build a network

The main benefit of online courses is the chance to grow your professional network. You come across people who are motivated by the same career goals and dreams. Build ties with the individuals you interact with at training since they might later serve as a mentor or a source of referrals. To network with seasoned professionals, developers can also participate in online groups for full-stack developers. These groups are a terrific place to find extraordinary field-related insights. Discussions are another simple way to get answers to your difficult concerns.

You can also check out Is an online BCA course equivalent to a regular BCA? To understand the comparison between online and regular BCA programs and the benefits of an online BCA.

Get a head start for your full-stack development career with an online BCA

One of the degrees that can be tailored the most in the fields of computer applications and education is the Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA). So if you like using computer apps, it might open up a lot of wonderful prospects for you. For those looking to pursue a career in the technical field of computers and full-stack development, BCA is an ideal choice. BCA is the perfect headstart for tech-savvy individuals who are interested in learning more about the inner workings of computer programs as well as software, hardware, and related tools and technologies, thus making way for your full-stack development career. 

This computer applications course focuses more on implementation, which lays a strong foundation for your career in technical fields. It is one of India’s most well-known undergraduate programs for overseeing the creation of computer programs and applications. Following BCA, IT professionals can enter a number of the fields that are now receiving the most attention, including full-stack development, business administration, data science, blockchain, and cyber security, 

Choose Online Manipal for superior online courses

Manipal University Jaipur’s online degree programs are a fantastic way to start your online education journey and launch a lucrative career in your field of choice. Students can become experts in their particular fields through the UG and PG online courses offered by this NAAC A+ accredited institution. You can access specialized degree programs at Manipal University Jaipur at the most reasonable fees by enrolling in an online degree program offered. Overall, the degree programs offered by Manipal University Jaipur are great for providing assurance and support to individuals. Online degrees like the online MBA, MCA, BCA, and BBA are specially created as per industry norms and the latest tech developments.

Online BCA – The online BCA program at MUJ is designed to produce leaders of tomorrow by blending the most contemporary refinements in computer technology with an eye on logic and creativity, transforming the norms of the profession. With ideas, practical labs, exams, and a capstone project on subjects spanning from cloud architecture to application development, the program’s Google Cloud Computing Foundations curriculum will introduce you to the breadth of cloud technology. 

Course duration: 36 months 

Course Fee: INR 1,20,000 (INR 20,000 each semester)

Online MCA –The online MCA offered by MUJ is designed for individuals who want to become innovative, strategic technology professionals in a constantly changing environment. Additionally, the program provides full access to Coursera and the Google Cloud Computing Foundations curriculum, which introduces you to the breadth of cloud technology through concepts, practical labs, assessments, and a capstone project on subjects like cloud infrastructure, app development, big data, and machine learning. 

Course Duration: 24 months 

Course Fee: INR 1,50,000 (INR 37,500 each semester)


Full-stack development enables you to be at the forefront of technology by exploring creative solutions with cutting-edge innovations. There will be continual growth in the market’s demand for full-stack developers with the emergence of new technologies. Although the opportunity has its perks, the developers who stay on top of the latest developments and regularly improve their full-stack development expertise will be the ones who succeed. 

There is no better time to begin progressing towards your goals and uncovering a substantial career than now, so start thinking about your academic prospects. Look into online Full-Stack Development courses if you’re interested in learning more about the full stack and succeeding in a full-stack or front-end career at leading tech businesses.

The post Important concepts for a full-stack developer appeared first on Online Manipal.